Electronic Commerce: Formal Requirements in Commercial Transactions

Project status: Complete

This was an advisory project. Private International Law: EEC Preliminary Draft Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual and Non-contractual Obligations (prepared jointly with the Scottish Law Commission) (1974). The EEC Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations is scheduled to the Contracts (Applicable Law) Act 1990, and entered into force in the UK … Read more >

Electronic Communications Code

Project status: Complete

Download the report Download the summary The problem The Electronic Communications Code was created in 1984 and replaced in the Digital Economy Act 2017. The Code sets out the regime that governs the rights of designated electronic communications operators to maintain infrastructure on public and private land. In modern times, it applies to the infrastructure … Read more >

Electronic execution of documents

Project status: Pre-project

The problem Most modern businesses have embraced technology to conduct transactions online and electronically. However, we have been told that uncertainty around the electronic execution of documents is preventing some businesses from moving towards fully electronic transactions, which could be faster and more efficient. A review of general principles and relevant case law suggests that … Read more >

Employment Law Hearing Structures

Project status: Pre-project

The problem The Civil Courts Structure Review led by Briggs LJ noted that there is an: “awkward area” of shared and exclusive jurisdiction in the fields of discrimination and employment law, which has generated boundary issues between the courts and the Employment Tribunal System (the Employment Tribunal and the Employment Appeals Tribunal). As sui generis … Read more >

Enforcement of Family Financial Orders

Project status: Complete

Download the report Download the summary The problem Each year thousands of separating couples apply to the courts for financial orders. These are payments which a court decides partners must pay to one another, to support an ex-partner for example. Sometimes these orders are not complied with. The law of enforcement of family financial orders … Read more >

Event Fees in Retirement Properties

Project status: Complete

Please Note: This project used to be known as Transfer of Title and Change of Occupancy Fees in Leaseholds The project Each year thousands of older people consider a move to specialist retirement properties. These homes are almost always sold on a leasehold rather than freehold basis. Many of these leases require the owner to pay … Read more >

Evidence of Bad Character

Project status: Complete

A review of the law of England and Wales as it relates to evidence of previous misconduct in criminal proceedings and the related trial process.