Electronic Commerce: Formal Requirements in Commercial Transactions

Project status: Complete

This was an advisory project. Private International Law: EEC Preliminary Draft Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual and Non-contractual Obligations (prepared jointly with the Scottish Law Commission) (1974). The EEC Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations is scheduled to the Contracts (Applicable Law) Act 1990, and entered into force in the UK … Read more >

Electronic Communications Code

Project status: Complete

Download the report Download the summary The problem The Electronic Communications Code was created in 1984 and replaced in the Digital Economy Act 2017. The Code sets out the regime that governs the rights of designated electronic communications operators to maintain infrastructure on public and private land. In modern times, it applies to the infrastructure … Read more >

Electronic execution of documents

Project status: Complete

Download the Electronic Execution of Documents report. Download the summary paper. Download the Welsh summary of the paper. The problem The law relating to signatures and other formal documentary requirements has a history spanning centuries. In today’s world, individuals, consumers and businesses demand modern, convenient methods for entering into binding transactions. Technological developments have changed … Read more >

Electronic trade documents

Project status: Complete

Download the report and draft legislation here. Download the summary of the report here. Download the Welsh summary of the report here. The problem International trade is worth around £1.266 trillion to the UK. The process of moving goods across borders involves a range of actors including transportation, insurance, finance and logistics service providers. We … Read more >

Employment Law Hearing Structures

Project status: Complete

Read the Employment Law Hearing Structures report. Read the summary of the Employment Law Hearing Structures report. Read the Welsh summary of the Employment Law Hearing Structures report. All the supporting documents can be found at the bottom of the page. The problem The Civil Courts Structure Review led by Briggs LJ noted that there … Read more >

Enforcement of Family Financial Orders

Project status: Complete

Download the report Download the summary Read the news story The problem Each year thousands of separating couples apply to the courts for financial orders. These are payments which a court decides partners must pay to one another, to support an ex-partner for example. Sometimes these orders are not complied with. The law of enforcement … Read more >

Event Fees in Retirement Properties

Project status: Complete

Please Note: This project used to be known as Transfer of Title and Change of Occupancy Fees in Leaseholds The project Each year thousands of older people consider a move to specialist retirement properties. These homes are almost always sold on a leasehold rather than freehold basis. Many of these leases require the owner to pay … Read more >

Evidence in Sexual Offence Prosecutions

Project status: Pre-consultation

Documents Terms of reference Background paper The problem The Government’s End to End Rape Review found that the prevalence of rape and sexual violence has remained steady in the last five years but there has been a sharp decrease in the number of prosecutions since 2016/2017. There are many complex reasons for the decline in … Read more >

Evidence of Bad Character

Project status: Complete

A review of the law of England and Wales as it relates to evidence of previous misconduct in criminal proceedings and the related trial process.